Important Articles



  • Briscoe CE. A comparison of jugular and central venous pressure measurements during anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth. 1973;45(2):173-8.
  • Burgess TE, Le NN, Olds GS, Sullivan PD, Mansoor AM. Pericardial knock. BMJ Case Rep. 2019;12(12).
  • Burgess TE, Mansoor AM. Giant a waves. BMJ Case Rep. 2017;2017.
  • Chen JP. Back to basics: editorial review of “jugular venous pulse: window into the right heart”. South Med J. 2007;100(10):968.
  • Clark D, 3rd, Ahmed MI, Dell’italia LJ, Fan P, McGiffin DC. An argument for reviving the disappearing skill of cardiac auscultation. Cleve Clin J Med. 2012;79(8):536-7, 44.
  • Devine PJ, Sullenberger LE, Bellin DA, Atwood JE. Jugular venous pulse: window into the right heart. South Med J. 2007;100(10):1022-7; quiz 04.
  • Doctor NS, Shah AB, Coplan N, Kronzon I. Acute Pericarditis. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2017;59(4):349-59.
  • Elder A, Japp A, Verghese A. How valuable is physical examination of the cardiovascular system? BMJ. 2016;354:i3309.
  • From AM, Lam CS, Pitta SR, Kumar PV, Balbissi KA, Booker JD, et al. Bedside assessment of cardiac hemodynamics: the impact of noninvasive testing and examiner experience. Am J Med. 2011;124(11):1051-7.
  • Fuster V. The Stethoscope’s Prognosis: Very Much Alive and Very Necessary. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016;67(9):1118-9.
  • Geske JB, Anavekar NS, Nishimura RA, Oh JK, Gersh BJ. Differentiation of Constriction and Restriction: Complex Cardiovascular Hemodynamics. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016;68(21):2329-47.
  • Goldstein JA. Cardiac tamponade, constrictive pericarditis, and restrictive cardiomyopathy. Curr Probl Cardiol. 2004;29(9):503-67.
  • Karliner JS, O’Rourke RA, Kearney DJ, Shabetai R. Haemodynamic explanation of why the murmur of mitral regurgitation in independent of cycle length. Br Heart J. 1973;35(4):397-401.
  • Lange RL, Botticelli JT, Tsagaris TJ, Walker JA, Gani M, Bustamante RA. Diagnostic signs in compressive cardiac disorders. Constrictive pericarditis, pericardial effusion, and tamponade. Circulation. 1966;33(5):763-77.
  • Leier CV. Examining the jugular vein is never in vain. Circ Heart Fail. 2010;3(2):175-7.
  • Leier CV, Chatterjee K. The physical examination in heart failure–Part II. Congest Heart Fail. 2007;13(2):99-104.
  • Leier CV, Chatterjee K. The physical examination in heart failure–Part I. Congest Heart Fail. 2007;13(1):41-7.
  • Leier CV, Young JB, Levine TB, Pina I, Armstrong PW, Fowler MB, et al. Nuggets, pearls, and vignettes of master heart failure clinicians. Part 2-the physical examination. Congest Heart Fail. 2001;7(6):297-308.
  • Mansoor AM, Karlapudi SP. Images in clinical medicine. Kussmaul’s sign. N Engl J Med. 2015;372(2):e3.
  • Mansoor AM, Mansoor SE. Images in clinical medicine. Quincke’s pulse. N Engl J Med. 2013;369(7):e8.
  • Mansoor AM, Mansoor SE. IMAGES IN CLINICAL MEDICINE. Lancisi’s Sign. N Engl J Med. 2016;374(2):e2.
  • Metkus TS. The Physical Examination and the Fifth Maneuver. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015;66(18):2048-51.
  • Meyer TE, Sareli P, Marcus RH, Pocock W, Berk MR, McGregor M. Mechanism underlying Kussmaul’s sign in chronic constrictive pericarditis. Am J Cardiol. 1989;64(16):1069-72.
  • Miranda WR, Oh JK. Constrictive Pericarditis: A Practical Clinical Approach. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2017;59(4):369-79.
  • Myers RB, Spodick DH. Constrictive pericarditis: clinical and pathophysiologic characteristics. Am Heart J. 1999;138(2 Pt 1):219-32.
  • Oehler AC, Sullivan PD, Mansoor AM. Mitral Stenosis. BMJ Case Rep. 2017;2017.
  • Pittenger B, Sullivan PD, Mansoor AM. Friedreich’s sign. BMJ Case Rep. 2018;2018.
  • Seth R, Magner P, Matzinger F, van Walraven C. How far is the sternal angle from the mid-right atrium? J Gen Intern Med. 2002;17(11):852-6.
  • Sharma I, Nugent JG, Sullivan PD, Mansoor AM. Jugular venous pulse in constrictive pericarditis. BMJ Case Rep. 2020;13(4).
  • Spodick DH. Acute cardiac tamponade. N Engl J Med. 2003;349(7):684-90.
  • Thibodeau JT, Drazner MH. The Role of the Clinical Examination in Patients With Heart Failure. JACC Heart Fail. 2018;6(7):543-51.
  • Wood P. Chronic constrictive pericarditis. Am J Cardiol. 1961;7:48-61.
  • Ewy GA. Bedside evaluation of the jugular venous pulse in the acute care setting. Acute Care. 1983-1984;10(3-4):194-9. PMID: 6545501.
  • Pechetty, Ramya & Nemani, Lalita. (2020). Additional Heart Sounds—Part 1 (Third and Fourth Heart Sounds). Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women WINCARS. 5. 10.1055/s-0040-1713828.



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